Electronic Newsletter for the History of Astronomy - Number 58

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*                                                                         *
*      Published by the Working Group for the History of Astronomy        *
*                  in the Astronomische Gesellschaft                      *
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*                       Number 58, June 6, 2004                           *
*                                                                         *
*           Edited by: Wolfgang R. Dick and Hilmar W. Duerbeck            *
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1. Astronomy in and around Prague - Colloquium 

2. The European Scientist - Second announcement

3. Fifth International Conference on Oriental Astronomy (ICOA-5) 

4. Annual meeting of the Austrian sundial group 

5. Conference Announcement: Science in Europe/Europe in Science: 1500-2000 

6. Further Conferences in 2004



Item 1                                            ENHA No. 58, June 6, 2004

Astronomy in and around Prague - Colloquium

(From: "Elektronische Mitteilungen zur Astronomiegeschichte" Nr. 72,
5. Juni 2004, Item 1. Translation by the editors.)

The next international scientific meeting of the Astronomische
Gesellschaft (AG) will take place in Prague on September 20-25, 2004.
The topic is "From Cosmological Structures to the Milky Way", and
the web page of the meeting is:

In this framework, the Working Group for the History of Astronomy in the AG
plans to held a colloquium "Astronomy in Prague", which will take place on
Monday, September 20, 2004. This topic obviously comprises the golden age
under emperor Rudolf II, with scientists like Tycho Brahe (1546-1601),
Johannes Kepler (1571-1630) and Marco Marci de Kronland (1595-1667).
However, already in the middle ages important astronomical manuscripts were
written, especially at the time of Wenzel. The astronomical clock at the
city hall on the Old Town Square (Staromestske namesti) is a highlight of
instrumental craftmanship, as are the instruments of Jost Buergi and
Erasmus Habermel (Tycho's sextants), which are now kept at the National
Technical Museum (Narodni Technicke Muzeum) in Prague.

The former Jesuit college, the Clementinum from the age of Baroque (1556),
headed by Josef Stepling (1716-1778), nowadays houses the National Library,
which keeps also medieval astronomical manuscripts. The astronomical tower
of 1751 still indicates that the college also had an observatory.

In the 19th and 20th centuries, the scientists Christian Doppler
(1803-1853), Josef Petzval (1807-1891), Ernst Mach (1838-1916), Erwin
Finlay-Freundlich (1885-1964) and Albert Einstein (1879-1955) were active
in Prague.


Sunday, September 19, from 19:00:
get-together in a Prague restaurant; it is likely that before the
meeting, a tour through the city of Prague will be arranged, where 
places of astronomical interest will be visited.

Monday, September 20, 10:00 - 17:00:
Colloquium in the Prague Academy of Sciences, Hall No. 206, 2nd floor,
Room No. 20.
Address: Akademie ved CR (Presidium), Narodni 3, Praha 1
(opposite the National Theatre)

Conference fee: 20.- EUR, partially covering the conference proceedings.

Coordinators of the meeting:

Prof. Dr. Gudrun Wolfschmidt, IGN, Universitaet Hamburg
e-mail: wolfschmidt@math.uni-hamburg.de
Tel. +49-40-42838-5262, Fax +49-40-42838-5260
Prof. Dr. Peter Brosche, Observatorium Hoher List der
Sternwarte der Universitaet Bonn, D-54550 Daun, Germany
e-mail: pbrosche@astro.uni-bonn.de
Tel.: +49-6592-2150, Fax: +49-6592-985140

Doc. RNDr. Martin Solc, Astronomical Institute of the Charles University
e-mail: Martin.Solc@mff.cuni.cz
Tel. +420 22191 2572, Fax: +420 22191 2577.

Inquiries and registration should be directed to Ms. Wolfschmidt and (at
least) to one of the two other coordinators. Time for oral presentations
should not exceed 20 minutes. Please also register when you do not plan to
give a talk. Lectures should be given in English, German or Czech; the
first language is preferred.

Deadline of the abstract submission - in English, and by e-mail - is June
18, 2004. Please use the abstract form of the Astronomische Gesellschaft,
to be found at:

Please send the abstract to Reinhard E. Schielicke,
Universitaets-Sternwarte Jena, e-mail: schie@astro.uni-jena.de, 
to Ms. Wolfschmidt and at least to one of the two other coordinators.

Each abstract can comprise one printed page, with at most one figure (b&w
or grey); the abstracts will be published as "Short Contributions" in a
special issue of the Astronomische Nachrichten.

More information can be obtained 

- at the Local Organizing Committee:
Martin Solc, Astronomisches Institut der Karlsuniversitaet
e-mail: Martin.Solc@mff.cuni.cz 

- at the web page:
(English version in preparation)

- on accomodation in Prague:

Talks submitted by now (TBC = to be confirmed):

 * Alena and Petr Hadrava: Astronomy in Prague in medieval time

 * Josef Smolka (Prague): Tycho Brahe and Tadeas Hajek z Hajku (TBC)

 * Zdislav Sima (Academy of Sciences, Prague): The Prague Sextants
   (Habermel, Buergi), the Astronomical Clock

 * Guenther Wuchterl and Klaudia Einhorn (Universitaets-Sternwarte
   Jena): On Johannes Kepler

 * Rahlf Hansen (Planetarium Hamburg): Kepler and the Star of

 * Ingrid Guentherodt (Konstanz): The language of the women astronomer
   Maria Cunitia (1604-1664)

 * Franz Daxecker (Innsbruck): The correspondence of the astronomer
   Christoph Scheiner

 * Georg Schuppener (Leipzig): Jesuit astronomy in Prague

 * Peter Brosche (Daun/Bonn): Father David's Correspondence with Franz
   Xaver von Zach

 * Gudrun Wolfschmidt (IGN Universitaet Hamburg): Josef Petzval
   (1807-1891) (TBC)

 * N.N.: Paper on Christian Doppler (TBC)

 * Franz Kerschbaum and Thomas Posch (Institut fuer Astronomie Wien):

 * Dieter Hoffmann (MPI fuer Wissenschaftsgeschichte Berlin): Erwin
   Finlay-Freundlich (1885-1964) in Prague


 * Burkard Steinruecken (Sternwarte Recklinghausen): The Dynamical
   Interpretation of the "Sky Disc of Nebra"

At the end of the colloquium, a meeting of the members of the Working Group
for the History of Astronomy will take place; guests are welcome.

Item 2                                            ENHA No. 58, June 6, 2004

The European Scientist (Second Announcement)

(From: "Elektronische Mitteilungen zur Astronomiegeschichte" Nr. 72,
5. Juni 2004, Item 2.)

Symposium on the era and work of Franz Xaver von Zach (1754-1832)
Budapest 15-17 September 2004


This symposium celebrates the era and work of Franz Xaver von Zach on
the 250th anniversary of his birth. The meeting will bring together
international experts in the history of science to present papers on
the following topics:

Biographical aspects
Scientific periodicals
Meetings of scientists
Enlightenment, freemasonry and religious orders
Interaction with politics
The role of "managers of science"
Gauss and the Hungarian science
The evolution of star catalogues
Minor planets and celestial mechanics
Astrogeodetic instruments
Local and global geodesy and navigation
Civil and military cartography
Geography and geophysics

Sept. 15 to Sept. 17, 2004. The symposium precedes the autumn meeting
of the Astronomische Gesellschaft, held in Prague during Sept. 20-25, 2004.

The meeting will take place in the main building of the Hungarian
Academy of Sciences in Budapest, Hungary.


There are several hotels of different categories spread over the whole
city. The LOC recommends the following hotels of medium category. All the
hotels have their own rules of cancellation of the reservations. The LOC
can help in the booking but the cancellation and the eventual charges are
the responsibilities of the participants.

Best Western Hotel Orion ***
H-1013, Budapest, Doebrentei u. 13
Phone:36 1 356 8933
Fax: 36 1 375 6418
e-mail: orionhot@axelero.hu
URL: www.bestwestern-ce.com/orion

single room 80 Euro/night
double room 95 Euro/night

The price includes breakfast and 10% discount. All the rooms have bathroom.
The hotel is located at the Danube on the opposite side from the Academy.
It is at 15 minutes walking distance or by one change with public

Hotel Pest ***
H-1061, Budapest, Paulay Ede utca 31
Phone: 36 1 343 1198
Fax: 36 1 351 9164
e-mail: hotelpest@hotelpest.hu

single room 75 Euro/night
double room 90 Euro/night

The prices includes breakfast and 10% discount. All the rooms have
bathroom. The hotel is located at the Pest side in the heart of the city
within 10 minutes walking distance from the venue of the meeting.

Fabius Panzio ***
H-1122, Budapest, Varosmajor u. 88
Phone: 36 1 489 3325
Fax: 36 1 489 3327
e-mail: fabiushotel@hotmail.com

single room 50 Euro/night
double room 61 Euro/night

The price includes breakfast and 10% discount. All the rooms have shower.
The hotel is located in the Buda side of the city at 15-20 travel distance
by one change with public transport.

Oktatasi Miniszterium I.sz Vendeghaza (Guest House of the Ministry of
H-1122 Budapest, Maros u. 16/a
Phone: 36 1 356 4246
Fax: 36 1 356 7846

1 room apartment (a small kitchen, bathroom)
for 1 person    9959 HUF/night
for 2 persons  11385 HUF/night

2 rooms apartment (a small kitchen, bathroom)
for 1 person   12817 HUF/night
for 2 persons  14226 HUF/night
for 3 persons  15640 HUF/night

The apartment includes no breakfast but there is a restaurant in the
house and shops within few minutes of walking. The guest house is
located on the Buda side of the city at 15 minutes travel distance.

The present exchange rate is about 250 HUF/Euro.

The period of the conference is still in the high season. All the
participants are asked therefore to make their final decision soon in
order to find accommodation at their convenience.

Participation is open for everybody who is interested in this subject.

We welcome accompanying persons.

We want to publish proceedings of the symposium. The necessary means
have been granted, however, only for this year. Therefore we have to
request that authors should at latest bring their manuscripts ready to
the conference, most desirably in electronic form. We encourage
earlier delivery of drafts (in .tex, .doc or plain ascii format, with
separate figures in .tif, .gif, or .jpg format) to the two editors 
Hilmar Duerbeck (hduerbec@vub.ac.be) and Endre Zsoldos

Peter Brosche (Daun/Bonn, chairman) 
Jim Caplan (Marseille)
Anita McConnell (London)
Gudrun Wolfschmidt (Hamburg)

Bela Balazs 
Lajos G. Balazs (chairman)
Laszlo Patkos
Magda Vargha
Endre Zsoldos

Preliminary programme

Wednesday, September 15


(chair: L. G. Balazs)
Peter Brosche (Daun/Bonn): Pictures from Zach's worldline
Arpad Szallasi (Esztergom): The military health service around 1800
Andras Koltai (Budapest): The role of the Piarist order in developing
the scientific way of thinking
Anita McConnell (London): Zach in England

The astronomical background
(chair: G. Wolfschmidt)
Katalin Barlai (Budapest): Moon occultation measurements of Jesuit
astronomers in China, published in the Viennese Ephemerides
Balint Erdi (Budapest): Laplace and the development of celestial mechanics
Lajos G. Balazs (Budapest): Theoretical astrophysics in the XIXth century


(chair: P. Brosche)
Istvan Jankovics (Budapest): Astrogeodesic instruments in Hungary
Klaus-Dieter Herbst (Jena): The advent of the meridian circle
Gudrun Wolfschmidt (Hamburg): Instruments and their problems
Alberto Meschiari (Modena): Franz Xaver von Zach and Giovanni Battista

(chair: A. McConnell)
Hilmar Duerbeck (Brussels): Venus transits of the 18th century and the
astronomical unit
Imre Toth (Budapest): The discovery of the first minor planets
Endre Zsoldos(Budapest): Variable star astronomy in Zach's time

Thursday, September 16


Sciences of the Earth (chair: H. Duerbeck)
Attila Mesko (Budapest): The development of our understanding of the geoid
Oliver Schwarz (Landau): Zach as surveyor of Thuringia
James Caplan (Marseille): Zach and the geodesy of Southern France
Istvan Klinghammer (Budapest): Cartography in Hungary at the turn of
the XVIII-XIXth century


The Organisation of Science
(chair: J. Caplan)
Bela Balazs (Budapest): The role of "managers of science"
Laszlo Patkos (Budapest): The Pasquich affair
Clifford Cunningham (Sunny Isles Beach): A project to publish the
collected correspondence of Baron Franz Xaver von Zach
Magda Vargha (Budapest): Gauss and the Hungarian science
Peter Brosche (Daun/Bonn): Zach's impact on the sciences

Friday, September 17
Inauguration of the memorial tablet


Please provide name, first name, postal address, fax number, e-mail
address, and number of accompanying persons. (Or use the registration form
- see EMA 70, the Web site or contact the LOC). There is no registration

In case you want to present a paper, please give title, author(s), 
duration, and abstract.

Return this information to: 
Prof. L. G. Balazs, Konkoly Observatory, P. O. Box 67,
H-1525 Budapest, Hungary.
Fax: (36)(1)275-4668
e-mail: balazs@konkoly.hu

Meeting's web site: http://www.konkoly.hu/zach2004/

Item 3                                            ENHA No. 58, June 6, 2004

Fifth International Conference on Oriental Astronomy (ICOA-5) 

(From: "Elektronische Mitteilungen zur Astronomiegeschichte" Nr. 72,
5. Juni 2004, Item 4.)

Venue: Chiang Mai Hills Hotel, 18, Huay Kaew Road, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

Date: October 4-8, 2004.

1. To celebrating 40 years of Chiang Mai University and featuring sessions
   to commemorate:
   - 200th anniversary of the birth of King Rama IV, father of Thai Science
   - 400th anniversary of the galactic Supernova of 1604
2. To present various interesting topics on oriental astronomy.
3. To encourage the future development of cooperative researches in various   
   countries in the region.
4. To experience culture and tradition of Thailand.

Topics of Interest:

Among the topics to be covered are 
- Historical records & observations
- Observations & instruments
- Atlases
- Star Catalogues
- Calendars
- Calendar making
- Exchange of astronomical information
- Teaching of astronomy
- Poster session

Language: Language used in the ICOA-5 is English.

Scientific Organizing Committee:
S.M. Ansari, K.-Y. Chen (Co-chair), K.-W. Fung, B. Hidayat, C.-Y. Liu,
D.L. Lu, T. Nakamura, I.-S. Nha, F. Rahimi, B. Soonthornthum,
F.R. Stephenson, R.G. Strom (Co-chair) 

General Information:

Chiang Mai: This is one of Thailand's largest cities. It is situated in
northern Thailand on the bank of the Ping river, about 720 km north of
Bangkok. There is frequent air-link to and from Bangkok. Chiang Mai was
founded in 1296 on the site of an 11th-century settlement as a capital and
religious center of Lanna Thai kingdom. It is the main economic center for
the northern part of the country and attracts many tourists by its famous
temples, mountains and comfortable climate. Wat Phra Dhat Doi Suthep is one
of the famous places in Thailand and claims to contain relics of Buddha.
There are many beautiful scenic places and colorful ethnic minorities in
Chiang Mai and surrounding areas. Besides tourism, industries include trade
in locally produced agricultural products, and production of traditional
silverware, lacquer ware, pottery and other handicraft items. Chiang Mai
University is the major academic institute in the region.

Climate: Temperature in October: approximately 20C or 68F to 25C or 77F in
the morning and about 35C or 95F in the afternoon. Rain is sometimes

Cultural Excursions: Sightseeing and cultural excursions will be organized
during the conference. A Kan-toke dinner (typical northern-style dinner 
with beautiful northern performances) is planned for the banquet.

Internet Services: Internet services are available at the conference.

Conference Registration Fee: US $ 200
  (for students : US $ 100, for accompany guests : US $ 50)

Registration Forms:
A registration form is available at
http://www.science.cmu.ac.th/icoa-5/icoaregis.html or from:

Prof. B. Soonthornthum (LOC Chair),
Faculty of Science,
Chiang Mai University,
Chiang Mai 50200,
PHONE : 66 53 943301
FAX : 66 53 222268 or 66 53 892274
E-mail: boonraks@chiangmai.ac.th

Further information is available at:


[Source: Web site]

Item 4                                            ENHA No. 58, June 6, 2004

Annual meeting of the Austrian sundial group 

(From: "Elektronische Mitteilungen zur Astronomiegeschichte" Nr. 72,
5. Juni 2004, Item 5.)

This year the annual meeting of the Austrian sundial group takes place in
Oberperfuss near Innsbruck. This is the birthplace of Peter Anich, a farmer
and surveyor of the 18th century. There are still 8 or 9 sundials by Peter
Anich preserved in this area. They belong to the most beautiful sundials in

The meeting is from Sept. 23 to 25, 2004. If anybody of you is interested
to join, please write to:

Helmut Sonderegger
Sonnengasse 24, A-6800 Feldkirch, Austria
email: h.sonderegger@utanet.at
Homepage: http://web.utanet.at/sondereh

[Source: Helmut Sonderegger to the Sundial Discussion Group, 9 March 2004]

Item 5                                            ENHA No. 58, June 6, 2004

Conference Announcement: Science in Europe/Europe in Science: 1500-2000

Announcement and Call for Papers

Science in Europe/Europe in Science: 1500-2000

Maastricht, 4-6 November 2004

From 4-6 November 2004, an international conference "Science in Europe/
Europe in Science: 1500-2000" will be held in Maastricht (The Netherlands),
exploring new European perspectives on the history and historiography of
science. The conference is jointly organized by Gewina (Dutch Society for
the History of Science, Medicine, Mathematics and Technology) and the
European Society for the History of Science.

Why looking for a European perspective?

During the last decades, the growing political and economic integration of
European countries has led to a major shift in the way we think and feel
about our national identity and our position as European citizens. The
arrival of the euro, the deregulation of European markets and the
integration of East and West have created a general awareness of the uniting
factors at work on the European level, extending even beyond the boundaries of
the European Union. Europe is not just a geographical matter-of-fact anymore; 
it reflects a psychological and political reality, characterized by its own
distinct cultural space and historical destiny.

This new dimension of Europe is bound to have a profound impact on our
perception of political entities, social differences and local traditions.
As national frontiers recede into the background, new structural
determinants come into focus. The ways of international communication and
commerce, the continuous migration of people, knowledge and goods, as well
as the cultural radiance of metropolitan centres towards peripheral regions
will become important elements in our understanding of what constitutes the
peculiar identity of this multilingual and multicultural continent.

This emerging European perspective will undoubtedly have important
implications for the historiography of science. Europe was the cradle of
modern science, originating in the dynamic world of the late Middle Ages,
soon to become a prominent feature of the European Renaissance and
Enlightenment. During the nineteenth and the twentieth century, Europe
maintained a leading role in science, medicine and technology, which became
deeply integrated in European culture. Although throughout its history
Europe was continuously influenced by civilizations from other continents,
it managed to impress a distinctive flavour on what has become our global
scientific heritage. In this perspective, research into the European roots
of modern science is all the more desirable.

Three areas of reflection

1. Science in Europe

The history of Europe is intertwined with the history of the sciences. The
exchange of ideas and technology contributed substantially to the history
of Europe. Scholars and students, as well as texts and instruments
travelled widely across national borders. Texts, however, were not only
translated, but also adapted, assimilated and supplemented. Ideas and
research practices were taken out of their original contexts, appropriated
and adopted into new practices and theories.

Science in Europe aims at discussing themes dealing with the mobility,
transmission, and the appropriation of knowledge, e.g.

* Scholars' and students' travels

* Book and print culture

* Translation practices

* Travelling instruments, research technology and laboratory materials

* National societies and their international contacts and ambitions

* International conferences

* Networks in Europe: Centre / periphery; interactions between different
  metropolises; relations between cities and countryside

2. Europe in Science

Considering Europe not as a mere natural fact, but rather as a historical
construction, it may be asked how science has contributed to this process.

How was Europe defined and referred to, in for instance eighteenth-century
encyclopaedias or nineteenth century schoolbooks? How did the cultural
space of Europe contribute to or conflict with the notion of
internationalism in science?

How did scientific explorers react to the otherness of overseas
civilizations, and how would they juxtapose these experiences with their
perception of Europe as the budding ground of science and civilization?
European research networks and standardization of measures and weights
confirmed the image of a growing European unity. Co-operation (and rivalry)
in science may have been a venue towards political co-operation, a
harmonisation of social and cultural values and a better mutual

Europe in Science tackles the following issues:

* The scientific construction of Europe (geography, anthropology)

* The normalisation and standardisation of measures

* European research-networks and research institutions

* European scientific prizes

* Internationalism as an historical construct

3. The History of Science and the self consciousness of Europe

As any historical narrative, the history of science builds a vision of
common heritage and continuous development. The birth of modern science is
often considered to be one of the most distinctive achievements of European
culture. What is the relationship between the identity of Europe and
science's historical development? What, if any, cultural impact does the
history of science have on the self-consciousness of Europe? How does the
history of science relate to other constituent historical narratives such
as the history of Christianity and humanism or the history of various roads
to democracy?

The history of science can be seen as a contributor to the homogenization
of European culture. The proclaimed universalism of science transcends the
national context and brings national cultures closer to each other. Still,
national identity often reappears in so-called national styles, which
provide an opportunity for historians to disentangle the closely knit
picture of European culture. A (rhetorical) analysis of science and the
accounts of its historical development could broaden our views on the role
of science in the (dis)uniting of Europe.

Topics may include:

* The comparative analysis of the meaning of 'Europe' for different
  European countries 

* Historical reflection on and contextual analysis of national and
  international oriented histories of science and their relationship
  to a broader European perspective

* The problematic issue of national styles

Call for papers

Scholars wanting to present a 20 minute paper at this conference are
invited to submit a one-page proposal to the program committee before 1 May
2004. The final programme will be announced in July 2004.

The language of the conference is English.

Practical information

The conference opens on Thursday evening November 4, at 7.00 pm with a
public lecture, open to the general public, followed by a Get Together
Party. The conference finishes on Saturday around 5.30 pm.

On Saturday morning the General Assembly of the European Society for the
History of Science will hold its bi-annual meeting.

Updated information on the conference can be obtained on www.gewina.nl

Conference fee and registration

The conference fee is EUR 120.00, and includes coffee/tea and catered
lunches on Friday and Saturday. On Friday night a conference dinner will be
organized. This dinner is not included in the conference fee and costs
EUR 55.00.

Registration for the conference and the reservation of hotel accommodation
for the participants is handled by the Maastricht University Conference and
Events Office. Please refer to the Registration section on www.gewina.nl
for details.

Program Committee

Prof. Dr. E. Houwaart, chair (Amsterdam), Prof. Dr. J. Browne (London),
Prof. Dr. C. Debru (Paris), Prof. Dr. R. Fox (Oxford),
Prof. Dr. K. Gavroglu (Athens), Prof. Dr. Phil. H. Kragh (Aarhus),
Prof. Dr. A. Labisch (Duesseldorf), Dr. G. Somsen (Maastricht),
Dr. I. Stamhuis (Amsterdam), Dr. B. van Tiggelen (Louvain-la-neuve),
Prof. Dr. G. Vanpaemel(Leuven/Nijmegen), and Dr. J. Wachelder (Maastricht). 

All e-mail correspondence should be addressed to congress@gewina.nl

Further information can also be obtained from Dr. R. Knoeff, Universiteit
Maastricht, Faculty of Culture and Arts, P.O. Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht,
The Netherlands. Tel. 0031 43 3883314, Fax +31 43 3884816.

[Source: Christoph Meinel to Mailing List "Wissenschaftsgeschichte in
Deutschland", 24 March 2004.]

Item 6                                            ENHA No. 58, June 6, 2004

Further Conferences in 2004

(From: "Elektronische Mitteilungen zur Astronomiegeschichte" Nr. 72,
5. Juni 2004, Item 6.)

June 4-6, 2004, Preston, Lancashire, England
Jeremiah Horrocks and transits ancient and modern
Student and amateur astronomy weekend conference at Alston Hall College
and Alston Observatory, Alston, Longridge, Preston
Contacts: Gordon Bromage, UCLan, Fax 01772 892996, e-mail

July 15-17, 2004, Kiev, Ukraine
Astronomy in Ukraine - Past, Present and Future
Contacts: Main Astronomical Observatory of the National
Academy of Sciences of Ukraine,
27 Akademika Zabolotnoho St., 03680 Kiev, Ukraine,
E-mail: mao-2004@mao.kiev.ua, 
Phone: 380 (44) 266-31-10, Fax: 380 (44) 266-21-47  



For directly sending us information we thank Peter Brosche, Kwan Yu Chen
and Gudrun Wolfschmidt.



Electronic Newsletter for the History of Astronomy (ENHA)

Published by the Working Group for the History of Astronomy in the
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W. Duerbeck 

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